Art Gallery of Ontario - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Art Gallery of Ontario (AGO) (French: Mus.
Its collection includes more than 8. The gallery has 4. North America. Significant collections include the largest collection of Canadian art, an expansive body of works from the Renaissance and the Baroque eras, European art, African and Oceanic art, and a modern and contemporary collection. The photography collection is a large part of the collection, as well as an extensive drawing and prints collection. The museum contains many significant sculptures, such as in the Henry Moore sculpture centre, and represents other forms of art like historic objects, miniatures, frames, books and medieval illuminations, film and video art, graphic art, installations, architecture, and ship models.
During the AGO's history, it has hosted and organized some of the world's most renowned and significant exhibitions, and continues to do so, to this day. Since 1. 97. 4, the gallery has seen four major expansions and renovations, typically considered a high number and unseen by most galleries of the world, and continues to add spaces. The most recent are the Weston Family Learning Centre, which opened in October 2. David Milne Research Centre, which opened in April 2.
The Canadian Architectural Archives. Gold Medal, Royal Architectural Institute of Canada, 1984; Chicago Architecture Award, 1984. All three principals were graduates of the University of Alberta's architecture program. Archives & Record Storage Building; Armories; Aviation; Community Services; Educational. Sustainable design should be a part of every library program so that the building can function efficiently without wasting energy.
Both projects were designed by Hariri Pontarini Architects. Earlier major renovations were designed by noted architects John C. Parkin (1. 97. 7), Barton Myers and KPMB Architects (1. Frank Gehry (2. 00. The gallery is located in the Downtown.
Grange Park district, on Dundas Street West between Mc. Caul and Beverley Streets. The Art Gallery of Ontario is the second most visited art museum in Toronto after the Royal Ontario Museum in 2.
History. The Legislative Assembly of Ontario subsequently enacted An Act respecting the Art Museum of Toronto in 1. The museum was renamed the Art Gallery of Toronto in 1. Art Gallery of Ontario in 1.
The current location of the AGO dates to 1. Goldwin Smith bequeathed his historic 1. Georgian manor, the Grange, to the gallery upon his death.
In 1. 91. 1, the museum leased lands to the south of the manor to the City of Toronto in perpetuity so as to create Grange Park. In 1. 92. 0, the museum also allowed the Ontario College of Art to construct a building on the grounds. The museum's first formal exhibitions opened in the Grange in 1. In 1. 91. 6, the museum drafted plans to construct a small portion of a new gallery building. Designed by Pearson and Darling in the Beaux- Arts style, excavation of the new facility began in 1. Expansion throughout the 2.
AGO with 3. 8,4. 00 square metres (4. The AGO was and continues to be a major supporter of local arts, which have included shows for the Group of Seven, Betty Goodwin, David Milne, and Shary Boyle. As the institution and its collections grew, major benefactors included Henry Moore, Betty Goodwin, David Blackwood, Harris Henry Fudger, Walter C.
Laidlaw, Joey Tanenbaum, George Weston, Frank Porter Wood, Edward Rogers Wood, Ayala Zacks, Ken Thomson, the Massey family, and the Eaton family. Transformation AGO. The new addition would require demolition of the 1. Post- Modernist wing by Barton Myers and Kuwabara Payne Mc. Kenna Blumberg Architects (KPMB). Although Gehry was born in Toronto, and as a child had lived in the same neighbourhood as the AGO, the expansion of the gallery represented his first work in Canada. Gehry was commissioned to expand and revitalize the AGO, not to design a new building; as such, one of the challenges he faced was to unite the disparate areas of the building that had become a bit of a .
As an expansion, rather than a new creation, concerns were raised that the new AGO would not look like a Gehry signature building. During the course of the redevelopment planning, board member and patron Joey Tanenbaum temporarily resigned his position over concerns about donor recognition, design issues surrounding the new building, as well as the cost of the project. The public rift was subsequently healed.
Notable elements of the expanded building include a new entrance aligned with the gallery's historic Walker Court and the Grange, and a new four- storey south wing, clad in glass and blue titanium, overlooking both the Grange and Grange Park. The outwardly most characteristic element of the design however is a new glass and wood fa. An editorial in The Globe and Mail called it a . Gehry's genius lies in his deft adaptation to unusual circumstances. By his standards, it was to be done on the cheap, for a mere $2. The museum's administrators and neighbours were adamant that the architect, who is used to being handed whole city blocks for over- the- top titanium confections, produce a lower- key design, sensitive to its context and the gallery's long history. That's not sexy, like titanium curves, but it's essential to the project.
Gehry's most gentle and self- possessed designs. It is not a perfect building, yet its billowing glass facade, which evokes a crystal ship drifting through the city, is a masterly example of how to breathe life into a staid old structure. And its interiors underscore one of the most underrated dimensions of Mr. Gehry's immense talent: a supple feel for context and an ability to balance exuberance with delicious moments of restraint. Instead of tearing apart the old museum, Mr. Gehry carefully threaded new ramps, walkways and stairs through the original. Turner: Painting Set Free (2.
Jean- Michel Basquiat: Now's The Time (2. Francis Bacon and Henry Moore: Terror and Beauty (2. Frida & Diego: Passion, Politics and Painting (2. Berenice Abbott: Photographs (2. Picasso: Masterpieces from the Mus. Indeed, works by Canadian artists make up more than half of the AGO's collection, with works from Tom Thomson, Group of Seven, Emily Carr, and Cornelius Krieghoff, among others. This collection also includes Inuit and Native art from the past and present, with artists such as Kenojuak Ashevak, Norval Morrisseau, and Jackson Beardy.
The museum has an impressive collection of European art, including a highly important collection of miniatures, sculptures, Medieval and Renaissance decorative arts, and major works by Tintoretto, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Peter Paul Rubens, Rembrandt van Rijn, Thomas Gainsborough, Anthony van Dyck, Francisco Goya, Emile Antoine Bourdelle, and Frans Hals, and works by other renowned artists such as Pablo Picasso, Auguste Rodin, Camille Pissarro, Claude Monet, Henri de Toulouse- Lautrec, Pierre Bonnard, Raoul Dufy, Paul C. The collection also extends to installations, photography, graphic art (such as concert, film, and historic posters), film and video art.
It also holds the largest and most significant body of works from the late Montreal artist Betty Goodwin, with a bulk of the works given to the gallery by the artist. The same can be said for Canadian artists David Blackwood and David Milne. The photography collection contains over 4. Europe and North America, from historic prints to modernists to contemporary works.
Contemporary photographers like Brassa. Flaherty can be found in this collection. In addition to these, the AGO also has one of the most significant collections of African art in North America, as well as the largest collection of Oceanic art and artifacts in Canada. Another significant collection at the gallery are the print and drawings, including one of the biggest holdings of Robert Motherwell works in the world. It also includes sketches from the Renaissance era such as Michelangelo, large works by Willem de Kooning and Jackson Pollock, as well as works from Piet Mondrian, Egon Schiele, .
Also present are old English and French caricatures, Victorian etchings, and prints from James Abbott Mc. Neill Whistler. This collection usually is displayed little at a time with revolving exhibitions. However, the collection is viewable by appointment. The museum vault also hosts tours few times a year or less, limited to certain members only. There is also an extensive historic ship models collection located below ground level, in new spaces designed by Frank Gehry.
Other collections include the David Milne Research Centre, library, the Toronto District School Board (TDSB) collection, and free- entry space that displays art temporarily from local artists. The Inuit art visible storage was moved during the spring of 2. A new home for these pieces has not yet been determined. Finally, the AGO is home to the Henry Moore Sculpture Centre, which houses the largest public collection of works by this British sculptor.
This is another of the gallery's collections that involve the artist as the major benefactor, as Moore donated almost his whole personal collection to the museum. Moore's bronze work, Two Large Forms (1. The library and archives. The AGO library also serves as the adjunct art history library for Ontario College of Art and Design University nearby. General library collections. The AGO library is a reference library; materials in the collections do not circulate. Holdings encompass western art in all media from the medieval period to the 2.
Canada's indigenous peoples including Inuit art; and African and Oceanian art. The library additionally comprises Canadian, American and European art journals and newspapers; over 5. Canadian art and artists, and international contemporary artists; and multimedia, digital and microform collections. Materials may be searched on the online catalogue. Series include exhibition files, publicity scrapbooks (documenting Gallery exhibitions and all other activity), architectural plans, photographs, records of the Gallery School, and correspondence (with art dealers, artists, collectors, and scholars).
Because of the regularity with which artists. Archives and Special Collections are open to the public by appointment. The Special Collections are one of the most important concentrations of archival material on the visual arts in Canada.
In over 1. 20 individual fonds and collections, ranging in date from the early 1.